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Jermaine Lawson, who had dismissed Brett Lee and Stuart MacGill (with the second and third balls off his 33rd over) in Australian's first innings and Justin Langer (with his first ball in the second innings) in the third Test at Bridgetown on May 5, achieved a rare hat-trick and became the fourth West Indian after Wesley Hall, Lance Gibbs and Courtney Walsh to have accomplished the feat in Tests.
Lawson provided the 31st instance of a hat-trick in Test Cricket, which is the first on West Indian soil.
The first bowler to perform a hat-trick was Fredrick 'Demon' Spofforth for Australia against England at Melbourne on January 2, 1879 in only the third Test match ever contested when he dismissed Vernon Royle, Francis MacKinnon and Thomas Emmett off three successive balls to reduce England to 26 for 7 in the first innings. Thanks to Spofforth's tally of thirteen wickets in the Test, Australia won the Test by ten wicets.
Only three bowlers - off spinner Hugh Trumble, leg-spinner,Thomas James Matthews - both Australians, and speedster Wasim Akram of Pakistan have the honour of recording two Test match hat-tricks.
Trumble accomplished the feat both times against England at the same venue in Melbourne, but in two separate series. The first time in January 1902 when he claimed the wickets of Arthur Jones, John Gunn and Sydney Barnes in England's second innings and the second time in March 1904 in his farewell first-class game, dismissing Bernard Bosanquet, Pelham Warner and Arthur Lilley.
Matthew is the only bowler in cricket history to have performed the feat of a hat-trick in each innings of the same Test, both instances being on the afternoon of May 28, 1912 against South Africa at Manchester in the triangular tournament. He captured only six wickets in the Test and all were claimed without any assistance from the fielders. Thomas Ward, who bagged a 'King Pair' (first ball dismissal in both innings) was the third victim in both of Matthews' hat-tricks.
Three bowlers have the proud distinction of recording a hat-trick on their Test debut - medium pacer Maurice Allom (England), off-spinner Peter Petherick (New Zealand) and medium pacer Damien Fleming (Australia). Bowling his eighth over on his first day in Test cricket on January 10, 1930 against New Zealand at Christchurch, Allom actually captured four wickets (wowww) in five balls.
England's Willie Bates deserves special mention here. In the 1882-83 Melbourne Test against Australia, Bates by dismissing Percy McDonnell, George Giffen and George Bonnor, not only registered the hat-trick but also posted 55 runs, the second highest on either side in the Test and went on to claim seven wickets in each innings - 7 for 28 off 26.2 overs, followed by 7 for 74 runs - for a match haul of 14 for 102 runs. Thanks to his excellent bowling, England won the Test by an innings and 27 runs, which was the first victory by an innings margin in Tests.
The complete list of bowlers with hat-tricks in Test Cricket:
Bowler For Opponents Venue Season F.R.Spofforth Australia England Melbourne 1878-79 W.Bates England Australia Melbourne 1882-83 J.Briggs England Australia Sydney 1891-92 G.A.Lohmann England South Africa Port Elizabeth 1895-96 J.T.Hearne England Australia Leeds 1899 H.Trumble Australia England Melbourne 1901-02 H.Trumble Australia England Melbourne 1903-04 T.J.Matthews(2) Australia South Africa Manchester 1912 M.J.C.Allom England New Zealand Christchurch 1929-30 T.W.J.Goddard England South Africa Johannesburg 1938-39 P.J.Loader England West Indies Leeds 1957 L.F.Kline Australia South Africa Cape Town 1957-58 W.W.Hall West Indies Pakistan Lahore 1958-59 G.M.Griffin South Africa England Lord's 1960 L.R.Gibbs West Indies Australia Adelaide 1960-61 P.J.Petherick New Zealand Pakistan Lahore 1976-77 C.A.Walsh West Indies Australia Brisbane 1988-89 M.G.Hughes Australia West Indies Perth 1988-89 D.W.Fleming Australia Pakistan Rawalpindi 1994-95 S.K.Warne Australia England Melbourne 1994-95 D.G.Cork England West Indies Manchester 1995 D.Gough England Australia Sydney 1998-99 Wasim Akram Pakistan Sri Lanka Lahore 1998-99 Wasim Akram Pakistan Sri Lanka Dhaka 1998-99 D.N.T.Zoysa Sri Lanka Zimbabwe Harare 1999-00 Abdur Razzaq Pakistan Sri Lanka Galle 2000-01 G.D.McGrath Australia West Indies Perth 2000-01 Harbhajan Singh India Australia Kolkata 2000-01 Mohammad Sami Pakistan Sri Lanka Lahore 2001-02 J.J.C.Lawson West Indies Australia Bridgetown 2002-03
(Article: Copyright © 2003 Rajesh Kumar)